Recent advances in technology have been to make communication more fun. Emojis have vastly became popular among people using smart phone devices and computers. Using images in writing is not a new element in composing a letter. This has been something that always was in written forms of communication in multiple ways over the years.
What is pictography?
Pictography is the communication and expression of thought and ideas with pictures or graphics. In cultures like Egyptian hieroglyphics, Native American tribal writings, Japanese kanji and Chinese language use variations of pictographic writing styles to create language. There are many types of pictography. Ideogram is a pictograph of an individual idea or meaning for example 🙉🙈🙊which can mean hear no evil, see no evil and say no evil verses a logogram which is a pictograph of an individual word 🐵, here is a monkey. In pictorial messaging, images can say a thousand words. Using images can be fun and resourceful when done properly.
A History of Images in Letters
Let’s start with the dingbat in letter print. The definition of dingbats are ornamental blocks printers used in typesetting, like spacer, decorative lines and symbols to help design the layout of a page and make it look less overwhelming, cluttered and “blocky”. The blocks basic function to add space, personality and readability to the page. The wooden blocks of dingbats were converted for digital use in the Unicode character code database when computer usage became more mainstream. It grew with the additions of Zapf Dingbat fonts from typographer Hermann Zapf, who added symbols like religious symbols, numbers, check marks and voting marks.
Shorthand writing was not from the computer age, it’s from the same period from the first development of the dingbat. Shorthand was used in written documents the same way it was used today. Cleverly placed punctuation and letters gave the reader insight of what the writer had in mind. Shorthand expressions can be found on the old documents. The : ) in shorthand carried over into the computer age as people signed off on emails with a smile; this is called an emoticon. Noticeably the first use of the shorthand smiley face was in a 1982 email as joke markers.
: – ) Happy. : – ( Sad.
In the growing use of the internet the smiling face was used often in email translations and chat messaging. “AOL Instant Messaging Services” replaced the short hand type of the smiling face for the iconographic yellow circle smile :). These faces grew in popularity quickly. This was also synonymous to the AOL running man. These were vastly used on computers that incorporated it into email services and anyplace the text box allowed you to type out a message with extra emotion and humour. From the compound word, emotion and icon, the user creates emoticons with text that could be translated into an image within a document by arranging the characters to create the image.
Another type of emoitcons used are called Kaomoji which is a Japanese style of emoticons that used grammatical puncuation and Japanese characters and are used the same way. These were inspired by Manga and facial expressions. Kaomoji are also not limited to just complex actions, objects or emotions; it is capable to express whole stories.
The Rise of the Teenage Market
In 1995, the Japanese technology market was flooded and standing out in the marketplace was key for survival. NTT DoCoMo was, at the time, being over taken by Tokyo Telemessage and that need to invent something that was going to appeal to their new demographic. DoCoMo decided to gear their products more towards teenagers by branding their line with more of a cute and youthful appeal. In 1998, Shigetaka Kurita created the Emoji for their i-mode mobile Internet use.
An emoji is a pictorial code that represents emotion, action, symbolic and figurative language in a miniature illustration. Emojis are mostly found on computers, text messaging and social media services. They express communication through visuals with little space used in format (approximately 12×12 pixels.) They are mostly known for expressing facial expressions which can be the difference between not getting a punch line or laughing out loud a lot like emoticons. The illustrations were first inspired by weather forecast symbols, Chinese characters, street signs and publications like Manga. Emojis are also fun to use. The word emoji means picture characters from the compound word from Kanji. Emoji is an imprint code that decodes from one computer to other into pre-loaded images either from a phone, software or chat box. This is also part of the reason why some graphics have slight variations depending on what device you are using, but the overall message is still clear with what intended to be spoken in image form. Not only they are apart of the Unicode system but the C-HTML code and the SI/SO escape sequences make it easier for devices to read.
Like the dingbat, the emoji is expanding its database with different contributors to the style, even in animation formats. Also like its predecessor the emoticon, the emoji is mostly used to stop miscommunication in messages. When there’s a joke, there’s an emoji. When there’s is a statement of exaggeration, there’s also an emoji.
Should emojis be studied?
Emojis should be studied, it’s apart of the evolution of language. Iconography has changed so much over the years (technically centuries) over having a smiling face at the end of your messages. This can only develop into something else in the future.
January 2017, the emoji was actually studied at the University of Michigan analyzing what was the most used symbol distributed. The Face with the Tears of Joy was most used.
The growth of user experience design is apart of the reason why emojis are used daily. We are, has a society, growing our uses of technology more everyday. Emojis reflects what society is right now how we’re interacting with each other through images and application devices rather than descriptive clever writing and good grammar. It’s basically a shift from typography style to iconography imagery in message writing.
Structurally emojis and emoticons have a language that is interpreted abstractly. The message will change from person to person. Which is either confusing or aggravating. Emojis can grow into a more structured grammatical language if we want it to or grow into something else that incorporates more interactions and human connection with better technology.
This might be a next step to something even bigger.